Definition of Melasma and Adverse Effects of Melasma

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What is Melasma
What is Melasma?

A. What is Melasma?

What is Melasma? Melasma is a skin discoloration that tends to impinge on women caused by too much melanin production. Melasma onset of symptoms can be characterized by brownish pigmentation or patches formed on areas of the face, neck, or on the forearm. Actually, the main cause of the appearance of melasma is unknown. Spotting the form of hyperpigmentation that may arise in certain areas in the skin, and even the entire area of our skin is the potential for the emergence of melasma, particularly to areas of skin that are often exposed to direct sunlight with enough intensity and continuous exposure to sunshine.

For example, the area of your skin that are often exposed to disturbances Melasma is a chin, lips, cheeks, forehead, and some other areas of the skin that is not protected from sun exposure. The affected skin of Melasma, including in pregnant women is a change in skin color extremely. Where the color of your skin will change to brown, then over time brownish pigmentation is the longer it will turn out to be darker.

When they are often affected by exposure to sunlight again, it will get worse, especially on the same skin area. However, there are certain conditions that can trigger melasma, such as pregnancy, allergies to cosmetic ingredients, and overuse of anti-seizure medications. It is also referred to as chloasma because of the color change is most severe in pregnant women. Melasma in pregnant women could disappear naturally within a few months after giving birth, so they need not special treatment.

In another case, an early sign of the emergence of Melasma is often visible through the gray pigmentation which starts on the cheeks, forehead, nose, above the upper lip, or chin. Unlike freckles, melasma tend to be larger, darker, and closer to each other. It was originally formed in groups or patterned which can then be spread to the entire face.

In many cases, Melasma is more likely to occur in women than men. This happened in the age range 20 to 40 years. There are three types of Melasma: epidermis, dermis, and mix. Melasma Epidermal have clear boundaries that can be easily overcome through dermatological drugs. Dermal Melasma is the most common type, comes with a grayish color with no clear boundaries. Unlike the Epidermal Melasma, Dermal Melasma will respond poorly to drugs that are more likely to be permanent. Melasma mixture is a combination of brown spots and bluish. It is larger in the pattern, but can be treated in stages and takes relatively longer.

Melasma thorough diagnosis through skin biopsy will show a deposit of melanin in the dermis. Sometimes the deposit melanin found in the basal region. The severity of Melasma can also be measured using a special scoring system known as Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI).

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B.    DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MELASMA, BLACK SPOTS, BLACK STAIN AND HYPERPIGMENTATION

melasma, freckles,dark spot and hyperpigmentation
what the different of melasma, freckles,dark spot and hyperpigmentation?

Often public opinion within the society to distinguish some confusion regarding the terms of skin cell damage such as melasma, dark spots, blemishes and hyperpigmentation. Because in fact there are some fundamental differences between melasma, dark spots, blemishes and hyperpigmentation.

First, the damage caused by the sun is usually very random on your face. Generally not symmetrical. Location freckles was different. And is smaller in size than the pigment spots associated with melasma.

Melasma on the other hand are usually very symmetrical. For example if the patient had melasma on one cheek, then almost always have it on the other side. The affected part with a no melasma, usually clearly visible. While the effects of the sun spots can sometimes be vague or not well defined.

Although different, but all over the skin problems remain closely associated with sun exposure, only the cause was different. In medical terms, all of the above terms closely associated with skin hyperpigmentation.

Although black spots, melasma, freckles blemishes/ black stain and hyperpigmentation of the skin is a term that is different, but the same handling by using busting spots and can be coupled with the use sunblock regularly.

Other differences between the freckles spots and melasma is that melasma is very sensitive to sun exposure. The skin will be burned when the skin is exposed to sunlight for a while. So it is important to prepare the skin protectors such as umbrellas, hats and sunscreen especially if you want to outdoors activities. In fact sunblock should still be used, even though I was at home. Because sunlight through glass or window, or radiation when you are cooking in the kitchen.

While the black stain of acne scars occur due to wrong treatment in removing acne. Often squeeze pimples forcibly causing injury blackened when exposed to sunlight. We recommend you to use the acne medication that not only deal with acne, but also removes the scars.

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